How do you often feel tinnitus?[Too annoyed]
一.First, what is tinnitus?
Many times there is no sound from the outside world, but there is always a sound in the ear. This is tinnitus. Tinnitus can be divided into objective tinnitus and subjective tinnitus. Objective tinnitus is heard by the patients with tinnitus and can be heard by others. Subjective tinnitus is heard by the patients with tinnitus and can not be heard by others. Subjective tinnitus patients are more common.
two.How is tinnitus caused?
1.Voice pollution: People have such a common experience. If you suddenly hear the sound of firecrackers, there will be a long echo in the ear, which will fade in a half day. This is the external noise temporarily damaging the human auditory nerve. Workers who work long-term in a noisy environment are victims of noise, and long-term noise stimuli cause nerve damage to the inner ear most of the time. The tinnitus caused by noise is mainly manifested by the disorder of the spontaneous activity of the auditory nerve fibers.
2.Drug poisoning: The drugs that cause tinnitus fall into two categories. One type of drug causes only tinnitus without causing hearing loss. This is because these drugs affect the metabolism of biogenic amines related to neurotransmitters in the central nervous system, causing hearing. The “convulsion” side effects of central neurons.
3.Ear lesions: foreign bodies in the outer ear(耵聍)When you touch the tympanic membrane, it can cause tinnitus;Vascular malformations and lesions in the middle ear may also cause tinnitus. Most of these tinnitus can be treated by otologists and treatments.
4.Blood patients: Due to such blood vessels or blood, the blood flow to the intracranial, cochlear blood flow is irregular, or vascular murmurs caused by abnormalities in the neck and cranial blood vessels are transmitted to the ear, resulting in tinnitus.
5.Systemic diseases: such as anemia, high blood pressure, diabetic hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, autoimmune diseases and vasospasm diseases may be accompanied by tinnitus.
6.Senior age:60The incidence of tinnitus in people over the age is as high as30%. The main reason is the degeneration of the auditory nervous system with age.
three.How to prevent tinnitus?
1.Pay attention to rest time and rest, ensure sleep; actively treat tension, anxiety, depression and insomnia. Neurology and psychologists are encouraged to help if necessary.
2.Actively treat ear and brain diseases that cause tinnitus. That is to actively treat the ear disease.
3.Improve the general condition, tinnitus is a general condition alarm, often prompted high blood pressure, diabetes and hyperlipidemia, anemia and malnutrition, etc., timely correction or relief.
4.Avoid using ototoxic drugs. Drug-induced deafness occurs when tinnitus occurs due to the use of ototoxic drugs, timely withdrawal and effective medical measures.
5.Avoid strong noise exposure masking therapy. Depending on the intensity and frequency of the tinnitus, you can mask the tinnitus with a corresponding sound, such as music. Practice therapy. If various tests exclude organic lesions,You can try to adapt to the tinnitus slowly. After getting used to, the interference of tinnitus on life will gradually become smaller. If you live on the side of the railway, when the train is lived, the train sounds a lot of interference. After a long time, after slowly adapting, you don’t think the train sound interferes with sleep!
6.Appropriate use of drugs that improve microcirculation can be helpful for tinnitus due to ischemic or microcirculatory disorders.
four.The most important one: once the tinnitus, please see the otolaryngology clinic as soon as possible.